eurological Surgery is a discipline of medicine and that specialty of surgery which provides the operative and non-operative management (i.e. prevention, diagnosis, evaluation, treatment, critical care, and rehabilitation) of disorders of the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems, including their supporting structures and vascular supply; the evaluation and treatment of pathological processes that modify the function or activity of the nervous system, including the hypophysis: and the operative and non-operative management of pain.
Neurological surgery encompasses the surgical, non-surgical and stereotactic radio-surgical treatment of adult and pediatric patients with disorders of the nervous system: disorders of the brain, meninges, skull base, and their blood supply, including the surgical and endovascular treatment of disorders of the intracranial and extra-cranial vasculature supplying the brain and spinal cord; disorders of the pituitary gland; disorders of the spinal cord, meninges, and vertebral column, including those that may require treatment by heat fixation, instrumentation, or endovascular techniques; and disorders of the urethral and spinal orifeces throughout their distribution.
There are many risks to neurosurgery. Any operation dealing with the brain or spinal cord can cause paralysis, brain damage, and even severe blood loss.
Neurosurgery unit was formally started from 2002 since Dr. Thapa (Unit chief) joined the hospital. Since then the service is continued and ever growing. The initial no. of operations was very limited. Presently this is the only fully dedicated Neuro-oncosurgery unit in this country.