Cancer is emerging as a public health problem around the world . Cancer is one of the leading causes of death in the world, particularly in developing countries. Over 40% of all cancers can be prevented. Others can be detected early, treated and cured. Even with late stage cancer, the suffering of patients can be relieved with good palliative care.
In 2005, 7.6 million people died of cancer out of 58 million deaths worldwide. More than 70% of all cancer deaths occur in low and middle income countries, where resources available for prevention, diagnosis and treatment of cancer are limited or nonexistent. Based on projections, cancer deaths will continue to rise with an estimated 9.0 million people dying from cancer in 2015, and 11.4 million dying in 2030. (WHO) It has been expected that cancer problem will increase especially in the developing countries, where there is lack of cancer prevention program or given less priority. Nepal being a developing country faces many problem of communicable diseases as well as increasing morbidity and mortality from non-communicable diseases like cancer. Illiteracy, poverty, ignorance, limited access to health care services are found to be directly or indirectly associated with cancer. The saying “Prevention is better than cure” is more relevant when we talk about cancer. So in order to achieve the objectives of BPKMCH, Cancer Prevention, Control & Research Department has been established as a major wing to address the problem at national level.